As a class assignment, we discussed connectivism in a discussion group. I posted most of the information listed below  and would like to share it with you in this blog.


“Connectivism is driven by the understanding that decisions are based on rapidly altering foundations. New information is continually being acquired and the ability to draw distinctions between important and unimportant information is vital. Also critical is the ability to recognize when new information alters the landscape based on decisions made yesterday” (Siemens, 2005, para. 24).

Malcolm Knowles (1980) made four assumptions about adults as learners: (1) Adults tend to be more self-directed as a result of their maturity, (2) Adults possess personal histories which defines their identities and serve as a resource of experiential learning upon which new leanings can be applied, (3) Motivation in adults is directed to more socially relevant learning, and (4) Adult learners have interest in immediate application for problem-solving. Knowles, andragogy is distinct from Pedagogy (Knowles, 1980) Pedagogy is the science of teaching children and andragogy is the methods of techniques used to teach adults. “…its not necessarily kids vs adults its really about structure vs autonomy, being dependent vs independent as a learner and that is really what this is all about when we look at the online learning.” (The College Network, Dr. Carol Downing, PH. D.)


PLN (personal learning network)

We must create networks which, simply defined, are connections between entities. By using these networks – of people, of technology, of social structures, of systems, of power grids, etc. – learning communities can share their ideas with others, thereby “cross-pollinating” the learning environment (Siemens, 2005, para. 21).

Using social network changed the way I retrieve information needed for self-directed learning. My network consist of my peers (during discussion groups), social media for learning such as TED learn, Google Plus and now blogs. With PLN (personal learning network) I am able to connect to resources other than class readings for information. While RSS feed readers (really simple syndication) can be used for informational reading, it is also used to share blog information as a digital tool. Other digital tools that I use are YouTube, Google + new social network, and subscriptions that allows shared comments.  Digital tools such as Ed Tech (, YouTube, and TED learn are the best tools that facilitate learning for me. I read at least one article a week from all three networks for new information on online education and technology.

“However, one of connectivism’s defining principles states that what we consider to be right today may tomorrow be considered wrong” (Siemens, 2005).

In conclusion:

Online learning can be a little overwhelming, and I believed that the reason that some learners chose a classroom setting as opposed to online is because of the lack of discipline and motivation of some learners. I believe that without an interest in a particular subject the desire to seek new information will be lost.


The College Network — The Importance of Pedagogy…:

Conlan, J., Grabowski, S., & Smith, K. (2003). Adult learning. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrieved from

Davis, C., Edmunds, E., & Kelly-Bateman, V. (2008). Connectivism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrieved from

Other references:

Blended learning,


Evaluating and Identifying Online Resources

There are two websites that I would like to review regarding this week’s class assignment topics.  The Information Processing Theory and Problem-Solving Methods during the Learning Process are the two topics and the sites are listed below.

The first site gives brief sectional information of George A. Miller’s Information Processing Theory. The first section discusses “two theoretical ideas that are fundamental to cognitive psychology and the information processing framework.” Miller gives us two concepts, “Chunking” and TOTE (test-operate-test-exit) (Miller 1956). Millers idea is that “short-term memory could only hold 5-9 chunk of information….” Also in this section is TOTE proposed by Miller, Galanter & Pribram (1960). “The TOTE concept provided the basis of many subsequent theories of problem solving (e.g., GPS) and production systems.”

The second website Problem Solving covers problem solving as a kind of thinking. Such as “directed thinking (which is problem solving) and undirected thinking (such as daydreaming).” Thus, “thinking is a broader term that includes problem solving as a subset of thinking (i.e., a kind of thinking, i.e., directed thinking).” The two websites that I reviewed are informative site that should be as references to future learning in this field of study.


My First Blog: The Doorway to Professional Learning Communities

I was given a class assignment to start a blog. I had no idea where to begin or what a blog was. So I “Google it”.  After reading the definition, I felt less intimidated. I became interested in what a blog looks like so I searched the internet, and blogs from the class Optional Resources, for instructional design blogs and located three for review. They are as follows,


My first review was Nicole Legault’s blog, Nicole’s blog is all about eLearning in various areas of education including instructional design. If you are looking for another way to understand Robert Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction, look no further. Nicole Legault has provided us with an infographic, similar to her PAF Model for instructional designers. It’s simplicity gives you a clear understanding of how they work so that learners will be able to understand the process.

The second would be Tom Kuhlmann, Tom’s blog focuses on key elements of Instructional design and elearning courses that help people learn. His blog is designed with a series of posts that are formed like Q & A’s on how people learn and how the learning design can be applied.

And the third would be Shauna Vaughan’s blog, This is a very informative blog on instructional design (ISD) and related fields. Shauna Vaughan’s blog focuses on training and the expectations of an instructional designer that you will learn by reading her many posts on the subjects. her blog will give an insight on other design products that may be useful for ISD.

While studying instructional design and technology, I’ve had the opportunity to talk to other learners in the field about what a instructional designer really do on the job. I was given text book answers; the same answers that I got from my reading assignments. But what I really wanted to know is that when I receive my masters in Instructional Design and Technology, what will be the expectations of an employer who hires me to do the job. What is the job?  The blogs listed above helped me with my questions and many others. The one in particular that I believe that I will follow as an ongoing resource will be “The Learner Advocate.” The blog site has up-to-date informational posts for instructional designers that will help you to learn what is new, what works, and is expected in the field. I believe that this site will be viewed on a regular basis, along with the course materials, for a clearer understanding of the job of an instructional designer.